Quantum circuits researchers explore quantum circuits to make it easier for quantum computers to perform mathematical problems. In general, it can be said that almost everything that can be packaged into a mathematical problem is processed much more efficiently by a quantum computer. A quantum language like Q# was created that allows researchers to create quantum computing algorithms. An interactive toolkit called qiskit quantum will be used simulate algorithms. This toolkit includes a python library and accompanying ibms qiskit software development kit, which is designed to help researchers design, test, and execute the code they create. This group of machines allows software development teams and computer science researchers to design their own algorithms and simulate them on their own machines without relying on cloud services or other external resources. However, IBM allows you to use there machines for quantum computing. The qiskit quantum library also includes a companion library that accompanies ibms qiskit, which is designed specifically for the group of machines used in this research project. [Sources: 6, 7]

Quantum computers are based on the concept of quantum entanglement, and they use qubits technology to perform logical operations. Quantum gates are used to design software algorithms that can be used to create devices with a functional reality. Scientists are already investigating the broadest potential uses of these technologies and principles in order to make them a reality. This fast moving early development means that laborious checking procedures can be avoided as scientists strive towards creating devices which can replace classical computers in terms of speed, cost and power consumption. [Sources: 0, 2, 3]

Quantum computer science is the study of the power and potential of quantum computers to outperform classical ones. This technology is used to solve problems that are too complex for classical computers. Today’s quantum computers are being used to solve classical algorithms faster than ever before, allowing them to solve many problems that would take classical computers longer. The algorithm running time for a quantum computer can be much shorter than for a classical one. One such example is Dings Lab at Stanford University, where researchers have demonstrated that quantum computing can outperform traditional computing in certain tasks. Quantum applications require a large number of qubits and therefore require a large database which could store information about the properties and data associated with these qubits. [Sources: 1, 5, 8]

Quantum algorithms can be used to solve certain computational problems which could not be solved with classical counterparts. With the development of a completed quantum computer, the ability to break current cryptographic systems and tackle certain computational problems that would have needed a classical supercomputer is now available. This technology has enabled us to solve specific calculation in polynomial time and integer digits, which allows us to reach a new level of computing power, thereby solving complex problems with an unprecedented level of accuracy. [Sources: 2, 4, 8]

Quantum computer science combines the principles of quantum mechanics with those of classical algorithms and computer chips to create powerful new technologies. These technologies include applications such as quantum molecules, quantum algorithms, energy technologies, communication devices, instruments and sensors. Quantum computing can also be used to solve computational problems that are impossible or difficult to solve using traditional methods. This technology has also been used to design new scientific instruments such as quantum computers, chemical catalysts and optimization techniques. Furthermore, this technology can be used for group optimization tasks and for solving large-scale problems in physics, engineering and other sciences. [Sources: 1, 2, 7]

[0]: https://chicagoquantum.org/research-areas/quantum-computing

[1]: https://cpsc.yale.edu/research/primary-areas/quantum-computing

[2]: https://scienceexchange.caltech.edu/topics/quantum-science-explained/quantum-computing-computers

[3]: https://www.ibm.com/topics/quantum-computing

[4]: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/q/quantum-computing.asp

[5]: https://www.newscientist.com/question/what-is-a-quantum-computer/

[6]: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00533-x

[7]: https://www.energy.gov/science/doe-explainsquantum-computing

[8]: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_computing